$45.00 cloth. j. p. migne, 217 v. (Paris 1878–90) v. 21; Opera omnia, ed. From September 394 to early January 395, seven monks from Rufinus of Aquileia's monastery on the Mount of Olives made a pilgrimage to Egypt to visit locally renowned monks and monastic communities. He spent the last decade of his life in literary activities, particularly in translating Greek ecclesiastical works into Latin. h. chadwick, ed., The Sentences of Sextus (Cambridge, Eng. Jerome was informed of this preface before the work itself was published and wrote a private letter of protest to Rufinus (Epist. New Catholic Encyclopedia. To justify himself as an anti-Origenist from the beginning, Jerome had referred to his own commentaries on Ecclesiastes and Ephesians as an indication of his true attitude with regard to Origen. About 373 Rufinus began to study the writings of Origen (q.v. Instead, they publicized Jerome's violent attack on Rufinus in a letter that was sent to Pammachius (Epist. ID:DA00970710. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Rufinus of Aquileia. Through his efforts, the West was furnished with some of the greater works of Greek speaking ecclesiastics, such as the intelligent and infamous Origen's "First Principles" and the Semi-Arian bishop Eusebius of Caesarea's ground-breaking "Ecclesiastical History." He translated the Periarchon in 398; four books of the Commentary on the Canticle of Canticles in 410; ten books of the commentary on Romans (c. 404); 16 homilies on Genesis, 13 on Exodus, 16 on Leviticus, 26 on Joshua, nine on Judges (403–404); 28 on Numbers (410); and nine on Psalms 36, 37, 38 (398). Jerome's strictures prevented Rufinus from being considered a saint by posterity despite the excellent reputation he enjoyed with augustine, gaudentius of brescia, paulinus of nola, and gennadius (De vir. Rufinus, von Aquileia. The church history of Rufinus of Aquileia, books 10 and 11 by Rufinus of Aquileia, 1997, Oxford University Press edition, in English In the summer of 397 A.D. he returned to the west, after some 25 years spent in Alexandria and Jerusalem. Jerome joined him and a group of ascetics in Aquileia under the guidance of the bishop until 372, when the circle dispersed for some unknown reason. contra Hier. contra Hier. 49). The work was based on similar treatises by cyril of jerusalem and gregory of nyssa and betrays ideas derived from Origen. m. villain, Nouvelle revue théologique 64 (1937) 5–33, 139–161, monk and student; Revue des sciences religieuses 32 (1944) 129–156, creed; 33 (1946) 164–210, Church history. Tyrannius Rufinus was born c. 345 in Aquileia. 4.2; 5.2; Ruf. contra Hier. . Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. f. cavallera, Saint Jérôme, 2 v. (Spicilegium sacrum Lovaniense 1, 2; 1922). Dictionnaire de théologie catholique (Paris 1903–50) 14.1:153–160. Books 10 and 11 are Rufinus' own continuation, covering the period 325-395. © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. Role Title Holding Repository; creatorOf: Eusebius, of Caesarea, Bishop of Caesarea, ca. The Apostles' Creed. Greek language, Indo-European language spoken primarily in Greece. m. simonetti, Rivista di cultura classica e medinevale 4 (1962) 3–44, benedictions; "Note rufiniane," ibid. 480; d. near Pavia, Italy, 524/525) Le Nain de Tillemont controverted the poor opinion of Rufinus expressed by the 18th-century Bollandist J. Stilting, insisting that Rufinus gave evidence of an upright life and that, though not a great theologian, he was of inestimable service to the development of asceticism and theology in the West. Britannica now has a site just for parents! Rufinus took him at his word and cited several passages from the Commentary on Ephesians to prove that Jerome had followed Origen even in his doctrine on the preexistence of souls and on the final restoration of all things. In particular he held that the soul of Christ served as mediator between the Logos and His human body and conceived of Christ's redemptive action as a deception of the devil who had destroyed Christ's body, believing thus to be able to conquer him, but who was himself conquered through this action by the divinity of the Savior. Shortly after their return to Jerusalem, one of the party, whose identity remains a mystery, wrote an engaging account of this trip. contra Hier. In his preface he claimed he was following the example and procedure of Jerome, who had translated some of Origen's homilies (Pref. Enjoying the support of Pope siricius, Rufinus had gone to Aquileia in 399, mourning the death of his mother (Jer., Contra Ruf. Badly received by Bp. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html. This work is of importance for its preservation of a letter of Origen making these same accusations and for information on certain falsifications that were involved in the final phase of the Arian controversy. Rufinus, of Aquileia, 345-410 Notes: This record contains information from VIAF (Virtual International Authority File) which is made available under the ODC Attribution License. mathematics, astronomy. Rufinus of Aquileia's History of the Church, published in 402 or 403, is a translation and continuation of that of Eusebius of Caesarea. ." Among his original works is a continuation of Eusebius's Ecclesiastical History, covering events between 324 and 395; Rufinus's continuation was weak in information and system but was used widely by later historians. Apol. At the invitation of Paulinus of Nola, Rufinus, while staying at the monastery of Pinetum (Terracina) in 408 wrote a commentary on the Benedictions of the Patriarchs (De benedictionibus patriarcharum; cf. (Rufinus of Aquileia, 345-411) p. 1 (Tyrannius Rufinus, b. about 345) p. 235 (d. 410) 1959); Journal of Theological Studies 10 (1959) 10–42. Life. g. wissowa et al. Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). Rufinus stopped for a time at the monastery of Pinetum near Terracina and translated a compilation of the rule of St. basil for the monks there. https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/rufinus-aquileia, "Rufinus of Aquileia Corrections? AmidonS.J., New York: Oxford University Press, 1997. xx + 132 pp. He studied in Rome, where he met Jerome, who encouraged him to become a monk. ). His tone at times became pungent although never as agitated as that of Jerome; nor did he engage in Jerome's gross exaggerations. 2.11). Rufinus's work is important since it also contains the Latin text of the Roman Creed along with that of Aquileia and a canon of the Scriptures. England; fl. translation of scientific and philosophical works from Ara…, Theodore of Mopsuestia Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. He returned to Aquileia (c. 369), became a catechumen under the direction of Chromatius, future bishop of Aquileia, and was baptized c. 370 (Apol. History of the Egyptian Monks (Historia Monachorum in Aegypto) - De Vitis Patrum, Book II By Rufinus of Aquileia Rufinus Tyrannius, the scholarly bishop of Aquiliea, was an assiduous translator of Greek works into Latin, and a major influence in the Early Church. Retrieved January 12, 2021 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/rufinus-aquileia. ; External links: Bibliothèque nationale de France (authority record) GND: Gemeinsame Normdatei (authority record) Bibliography: Patrologia Latina, ed. (b. Bath. Several works were falsely attributed to Rufinus; among them, a commentary on 75 Psalms of David, which is actually a medieval composition; commentaries on Osee, Joel, and Amos, which are works of julian of eclanum; a Liber de fide, probably by Rufinus the Syrian; and a Libellus de fide, a life of St. Eugenia, and Dicta de fide. Done. He visited Egypt and Palestine (371-378). In 397, on the intervention of theophilus of alexandria, a kind of truce was arranged (Jerome, Contra Ruf. 260-ca. Of other authors, Rufinus translated the dialogue De recta in Deum fide, which he thought had been written by Origen (c. 400); book 1 of the Apologia of Pamphilus for Origen (398); the Sententiae of the Pythagorean Sextus, whom he confounded with Pope Sixtus II (400); the Pseudo-Clementine Homilies and Recognitiones (406); two rules of Basil of Caesarea and eight of his homilies (397–400); nine homilies of Gregory Nazianzus (399–400); the Historia monachorum (404), which for a long time was considered on original work by Rufinus; and, finally, the Ecclesiastical History of Eusebius in nine books (402–403). Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Quarrel over Origen. ad Joh. Rufin d'Aquilée, 034.?-0410? Exegesis. "Rufinus of Aquileia john of jerusalem and Rufinus, Atarbius was welcomed at Bethlehem, and from a fervent admirer of origen, Jerome became an avid opponent of the Alexandrian's teaching. Jerome often visited the monastery, and the two became close friends. Rufinusof Aquileia (340-410) was a friend of Jerome, and, like Jerome, he departed from Italy to live in the East. contra Hier. (b. Cremona, Italy, ca. h. lietzmann, Paulys Realenzyklopädie der klassischen Altertumswissenschaft, ed. Boethius, Anicius Manlius Severinus 2.15). Later, acceding to the counsel of Bp. - Volume 68 Issue 1 - … . In turning the latter work into Latin, Rufinus modified and suppressed doctrinal notions that he considered dangerous interpolations. Contributors from initial SNAC EAC-CPF ingest. suppl. In 393 both men were charged with Origenist leanings, but Rufinus refused to make formal abjuration of the alleged errors, while Jerome readily did so. and tr. Tyrannius Rufinus, (born c. 345, Concordia, near Aquileia, Italy—died 410/411, Sicily, possibly at Messina), Roman priest, writer, theologian, and translator of Greek theological works into Latin at a time when knowledge of Greek was declining in the West. Thereafter, Rufinus was subjected to merciless abuse from Jerome. In his typology he referred each Biblical passage to a happening in the life of Christ or the primitive Church; and in his moral exegesis he saw in each Biblical passage the war in the soul between good and bad. Sojourn in Italy. The Church History of Rufinus of Aquileia, Books 10 and 11: Bks.10 & 11: Amazon.es: Rufinus of Aquilea, Philip R. Amidon S.J. (January 12, 2021). After a brief profession of faith in the Trinity, Rufinus stated his belief in the resurrection of the dead and the final judgment, which were crucial arguments in the Origenistic controversy. Faithful to the Origenian canon, Rufinus gave a threefold explanation of each benediction: the literal, the typological, and the moral or psychological. Rufinus of Aquileia : Historia Ecclesiastica, Book 10, ch.1-6. He then wrote a continuation as Books 10 and 11, taking the story down to the death of Theodosius. The Creed of Aquileia. Media in category "Rufinus of Aquileia" This category contains only the following file. In 371, Rufinus travelled to Egypt to live in the Nitrian desert. Iohannis Wrobelii copiis vsvs edidit et prolegomena indicesqve adiecit Avgvstvs Engelbrecht. In 400 Rufinus sent an Apologia ad Anastasium papam from Aquileia, in which he defended himself against accusations brought to the pope by Jerome's friends. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. logic, mathematics, mus…, Church Father, Scripture scholar, Doctor of the Church; b. Stridon, extreme (modern) northeast Italy, c. 345; d. Bethlehem, Palestine, 419–420. Rufinus picks up his during the Council of Nicea in 325 AD and carries it all the way to 395 with the death of Theodosius the Great. Encyclopedia.com. 2.15, 38). This work was composed at Aquileia at the request of the Bishop, Chromatius. A translator rather than an original writer, Rufinus apparently began his literary career with his defense of the orthodoxy of Origen in De adulteratione librorum Origenis, adding as an appendix a translation of the Apologia of Pamphilus. Tried to eliminate everything that might be considered contrary to the death of.... ( 346-411 ) was a theologian and a writer when you sign for! At Aquileia at the request of the usefulness of these translations is furnished by the popularity they. Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox and 11 sent an emissary named Atarbius Palestine! 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