Presently, there are two aspects that Pakistan should take into consideration; the growing Indo-US nexus and India’s concealed innovations in the nuclear posture. Lithuanian military officials have chosen a new way to discourage young people from serving in the army, which is already not popular. In the previous year, Pakistan had also maintained prime success in conducting the Ra’ad-II cruise missile and Ghaznavi surface-to-surface ballistic missile (SSBM). the US, Russia and China who possess the technology. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Lao Economy Set to Recover if Threats Can Be Contained, Covid third world debt will outlast the virus – it should be relieved, Indian Chronicle: Exposing the Indian Hybrid warfare against Pakistan. Hypersonic technology. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Whereas, the exchange of 14 dual-seat aircraft, manufactured with Pak-China cooperation were also given to the PAF which will be used for extensive training. The projection of Turkish power in the Eastern Mediterranean, Morocco Increases Pressure on Hezbollah by Arresting One of its Alleged Financiers. The acquisition of counterforce capability by India would likely provoke a new arms race in the region. Nobody could check the results and so nobody could be blamed for random selection. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. With these developments, the US aims to neutralize both Russia’s and China’s significant developments being carried out in this sphere for the last few years. Predictable arcs are not followed as they travel. This approach to recruitment in Lithuania results in presence of those with criminal intents and inclinations. The BMD and MIRV technology along with the provision of an advanced navigation system under BECA would embolden India to go for the first strike against Pakistan. The prospects of the global arms control regime, to stop hypersonic proliferation seems to be very less likely. Unlike traditional missile’s tech, HSTDVs are hard to track due to their speed. According to Daily NK, the country has not yet secured the correct technology for the hypersonic missiles, which require attaching Post Boost Vehicles, allowing them to … Moreover, Pakistan’s nuclear capability is defensive in principle and a tool for deterrence. China’s hypersonic weapons inventory comprises of; DF-ZF hypersonic glide vehicle compatible with DF-17 ballistic missiles capable of reaching Mach 10, the weapons are expected to be operational by end 2020. This competition has led some to fear a coming arms race. It would also encourage India to mold the South Asian deterrence equation in its favor. Taking to micro-blogging site Twitter, PM Modi lauded the move asserting that "very few countries have such capability today". Unlike traditional missile tech, these are hard to track due to their high speed. In the same vein, India has been enhancing its nuclear capabilities for strategic flexibility against its regional rivals. It is it unclear how the army will carry out its tasks, if everything that happens there runs counter to common sense. Evolutions and Technology Hypersonic vehicles, commonly characterized as highly maneuverable systems traveling at speeds of at least Mach 5, comprise two classes of hypersonic systems: hypersonic cruise missiles and hypersonic boost glide vehicles.7 The word hypersonic … While trying to disturb the strategic stability in South Asia, India through its adventuresome counterforce posture against Pakistan is on the verge of becoming a rogue state. New Delhi: India Monday successfully test-fired Hypersonic Technology Demonstrator Vehicle (HSTDV), making it only the fourth country in the world after the US, China and Russia to develop and test the technology that will pave the way for missiles that will travel at six times the speed of sound. The HSTDV cruise vehicle is mounted on a solid rocket motor, which will take it to a required altitude, and once it attains a certain speed, the cruise vehicle will be ejected out of the launch vehicle. UPSC after Engineering: Is it a good idea? BrahMos-II – Hypersonic missile by India and Russia. India is now among four countries i.e. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Also, China is reportedly developing air-launched CH-AS-X-13 missile, speculated to achieve a speed of Mach 10 speed with a range of up to 1500 kilometers. Haris Bilal Malik is working as a Research Associate at Strategic Vision Institute (SVI) Islamabad. Besides, Pakistan Air Force (PAF) on 30thDecember made apt progress when it comes to the national air defense arsenal as it was announced that PAF is beginning the production of the State-of-the-art JF-17 Thunder Block 3 fighter jets, at the same time acquiring the 14 dual-seat Jf-17 aircraft. The United States, China, and Russia are designing and testing hypersonic missiles. These include; incredible speed and maneuverability and long-range as compared to ballistic and cruise missiles. Experts say, it doesn’t even need a warhead. According to various reports, the JF-17 Thunder Block 3 will be said to have a new radar operational capability which will be far better in the practical domain as compared to the Raphael aircraft acquired by India. Most recently on June 12, 2020, India conducted its first on-field test under an indigenous project to develop a hypersonic unmanned scramjet cruise missile namely Hypersonic Technology Demonstrator Vehicle (HSTDV). What is a hypersonic missile? In the year 2011, the US had reportedly launched its first Advanced Hypersonic Weapon (AHW); a glide vehicle that successfully hit the target at a range of 3700 kilometers. India’s urge to acquire counterforce capability is strongly associated with its doctrinal shift. ‘National pride is at stake.’ Russia, China, United States race to build hypersonic weapons. There the aerodynamic heat shields got separated at a hypersonic Mach number. According to some reports in international media, Japan also intends to indigenously develop its hypersonic weapons. Currently, there is no credible anti-missile system or interceptor that could successfully detect and destroy hypersonic weapons. Dr. Wright and Dr. Tracy based their analysis on the Hypersonic Technology Vehicle 2 — an experimental warhead developed by the Air Force and Darpa. The aircraft is called the Hypersonic Technology Demonstrator Vehicle. Dongfeng-17 –  rocket-boosted hypersonic glide vehicle. According to the recent statement given by the Inter-Services Public Relations (ISPR) about the newly developed rocket, it was stated: “The weapon system will give Pakistan Army capability of a precision target deep in the enemy territory.” Director-General of Pakistan Army, Media Wing, major general Babar Iftikhar on 7th January tweeted: “Pakistan today conducted a successful; test flight of indigenously developed Fatah-1, Guided Multi Launch Rocket System, capable of delivering a conventional Warhead up to a range of 140 km.”. Likewise, it would further add to Pakistan’s security to be at stake. On the contrary, Pakistan has been maintaining a posture of Credible Minimum Deterrence (CMD) and does not claim to have a No-First Use (NFU) policy. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. India is among the elite nations of the world to possess nuclear weapons, and according to multiple sources could also be in another elite club of nations to possess hypersonic missile technology. Young people are suspicious of this method and fully admit the possibility of corruption. China’s deadly “carrier killer” hypersonic ballistic missile — the Dong-Feng 21 — can reportedly reach speeds of up to Mach 5 and beyond. The recruits once again were revealed by an electronic lottery on January 7, 2021. Very few countries have such capability today, says PM Modi on successful flight test of Hypersonic Technology Demonstrator Vehicle. Now India has also become a part of these hypersonic technology countries. It flew at a speed more than five times the speed of sound that is Mach 5. "Hypersonic missiles are not the revolutionary technology they're claimed to be," Cameron Tracy, co-author of the research study and Kendall Fellow for … Do share your thoughts about this article by writing down in the comment box below. The near-term goals are hypersonic weapons that are expected to mature in the early 2020s and unmanned surveillance aircraft in the late 2020s or early 2030s, with hypersonic vehicles to follow in the longer term. Summarizing it all, the existence of Pakistan’s nuclear deterrence has created a stable environment in the region, by deterring full-scale wars on multiple occasions that might have resulted in a nuclear exchange. Given the evolved nuclear weapons dynamics, the emergence of hypersonic weapons seems to be significant for international security architecture. IAS Anjali Birla Wiki: Learn all about Her Marksheet, Strategy and Obstacles. Incidents with the involvement of military regularly occurred in Lithuania in 2020. For the first time, a successful flight test of the HSTDV was carried by the DRDO. In South Asia, India too aspires to develop hypersonic weapons aimed at enhancing its offensive counterforce military capabilities and achieving the status of great power. Background Several countries are developing hypersonic weapons, which fly at speeds of at least Mach 5 (five times the speed of sound), but none have yet introduced them into their operational military forces.6 There are two primary categories of hypersonic weapons: Hypersonic Technology Vehicle 2 (HTV-2) is an experimental hypersonic glide vehicle developed as part of the DARPA Falcon Project capable of flying at 13,000 mph (Mach 17.53, 21,000 km/h). These technological advancements made by India are sprouting a new era of counterforce posture, which would further make the South Asian region volatile and vulnerable to conflicts. Countries like the US, Russia, and China have up till now developed hypersonic weapons systems comprised mainly of hypersonic cruise missiles (HCMs) and hypersonic glide vehicles (HGVs). On the 7th of January, the Pakistan military has successfully conducted a purely indigenously developed missile test flight known to be Fatah-1. That rocket motor took the vehicle to an altitude of 30 km. Over the last few years, some of the prominent nuclear powers in the world have been involved in a race to develop hypersonic weapons. India’s enhanced strategic nuclear capabilities which includes-the development of Multiple Independent Reentry Vehicles (MIRVs), Ballistic Missile Defence System (BMD), Inter-Continental Ballistic Missiles (ICBMs), supersonic and hypersonic cruise missiles, and acquisition of nuclear-capable submarines- indicate that India is moving away from its declared policy of ‘No First Use’ (NFU) towards a more aggressive, counterforce posture against Pakistan. The HSTDV, based on hypersonic propulsion technologies and developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), will help India develop futuristic space assets like long-range missile systems and aerial platforms, they said. This successful flight test is a historic moment for India and with the success of this mission, everyone is hoping for much more technical developments to take place in the near future. A video was also shared by ISPR on their official website, in which the missile launch can be seen while being fired from the launcher however, the details on when and where the test flight has taken place, along with the specification of the rocket system are yet to be announced. The far-reaching destabilization which India is trying to create, just to have an edge on the nuclear adversary, would be back on India’s face, faster than she knew it. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Armenia's Existential Threats and Strategic Issues, A character assassination campaign against the Crown Prince. Russia apparently became the first nation to put a hypersonic weapon into use after the Avangard glide vehicle was introduced in December 2019. it considers DOD’s funding requests for U.S. hypersonic technology programs. India test-fires hypersonic technology demonstrator vehicle; joins select group 08 Sep, 2020, 11.54 AM IST. It was flight tested between February 2015 and June 2016. India on Monday became the fourth country after the United States, Russia and China to develop and successfully test hypersonic technology from … Which countries have hypersonic missiles? ... Hypersonic weapons when … This vehicle is capable of moving at 6 times faster than the speed of sound. Bitcoin Price Bubble: A Mirror to the Financial Crisis? The conscription took place in Lithuania. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. At this moment this is the most talked-about incident that took place in 2020 and there is a fair chance that questions from this topic may come in the upcoming UPSC IAS exam. The trial was carried out by the Defence Research and Development Organisation. Before India successfully test-fired the missile, the US, Russia and China were the hypersonic technology countries. Moreover, Russia has developed ‘KH-47M2 Kinzhal’ hypersonic cruise missile with a reported range of 1200 kilometers and capable of achieving Mach 10 speed. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. In recent years, the technological advancements by India in the domain of counterforce military capabilities have increased the vulnerability of the South Asian region. Developed in a combination of manoeuvring capabilities of cruise missiles with the speed of ballistic missiles. Over the last few years, some of the prominent nuclear powers in the world have been involved in a race to develop hypersonic weapons. Conventional or nuclear payloads can be delivered within minutes. These geographical circumstances would likely provide India an edge vis-à-vis Pakistan thus becoming a considerable challenge. It would also provide India a decisive edge vis-à-vis Pakistan’s nuclear capabilities. Developed in 1990 by the Soviet Union/ Russia. In the same vein, Russia is known to have developed and deployed a hypersonic glide vehicle Avangard that too can reach an incredible speed of Mach 20. Though India is far from achieving counterforce strikes against Pakistan’s nuclear targets, concrete steps are required for maintaining future deterrence stability. Hypersonic weapons incorporate the speed of a ballistic missile with the manoeuvring capabilities of a cruise missile. In another landmark achievement, the US also developed Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle, capable of Mach 20 speed. While having reliance on BMD, as to be sheltered in return. Several countries, including U.S. allies and competitors, are independently developing hypersonic technologies. Unlike conventional projectiles, hypersonic missiles are capable of maneuvering during flight, making them more difficult to track and destroy. Similarly, India’s likely acquisition of hypersonic weapons along with its other counterforce preemptive capabilities vis-à-vis Pakistan would disturb the strategic stability of South Asia. Thus, a soldier of the Lithuanian army was detained in Jurbarkas in October. hypersonic technology demonstration vehicle (hstdv) The hypersonic cruise vehicle was launched using a proven solid rocket motor . Also Read : UPSC after Engineering: Is it a good idea? That is especially true regarding China, which Air Force Gen. Paul J. Selva, vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, says has made hypersonics a Manhattan Project-level operation on which they are willing to spend “up to hundreds of billions to solve the problems of hypersonic flight, hypersonic target designation, an… Hypersonic technology is expected to revolutionise the way countries throughout the world can counter ballistic and nuclear attacks. The aim of the mission was to “prove a number of critical technologies for futuristic missions”. Nature & Qualities of an IAS Officer: What should be the Qualities of an IAS Officer? With the revolution in nuclear technology, the threat of nuclear war has emerged again. Notwithstanding the repercussions, India is voyaging towards destabilization in the South Asian Region. January 14, 2021 India Develops Indigenous 9 MM Machine Pistol Design principles As stated by various reports, Fatah-1 is an extended-range Guided Multi-Launch Rocket System (GMLRS) which itself is a developed variant of the guided MLRS family. The hypersonic cruise missile, running at five times more speed than the speed of sound, is presently the fastest missile in the world. What are the names of those countries with hypersonic missiles? Xingkong-2 “waverider” A missile having speed six times more than the speed of sound. The only countries in the world which have hypersonic technology are the United States of America, Russia and China. India is Operating World’s Fastest Expanding Nuclear Weapons Programme. Therefore, advancements in technology should be made for preserving nuclear deterrence in the future as well. In addition to this, the Hypersonic Air-Breathing Weapon Concept (HAWC) missile is also under development, having a speed of Mach 5. India is now the fourth numbered in the list of countries with hypersonic technology. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. A hypersonic cruise missile, once developed, can defeat any Chinese defensive system, scientists said. This includes Hypersonic Cruise Missile (HCM) and the Hyper Velocity Gliding Projectile (HVGP)planned to be operational in the late 2020s. This seems to be a concrete and more plausible way out; else the new era of destabilization could be more disastrous. Panevėžys County Chief Police Commissariat was looking for a soldier who deserted from the Lithuanian Armed Forces and so forth. Moreover, any kind of failure to maintain nuclear deterrence in South Asia could result in an all-out war, without any escalation control. Kh-90 – Hypersonic air-to-surface cruise missile. Is the idea of a vaccine passport entirely new? The test was carried out from Wheeler Island, presently known as Abdul Kalam Island. As per the estimates, there is still a long way to go for India to get its hypersonic BrahMos-II missile operational. The counterforce capability by India would compel its adversaries to heed towards the preemptive strike, in case of a crisis, out of the fear of the use of Nuclear weapons first by the patent enemy. DF-ZF – DF-17 mounted hypersonic glide vehicle by China. Monday, 7th September 2020, the Defence Research and Development Organisation aka DRDO made India join the elite group and stand forth in the rank after China, Russia and the USA. In this video grab provided by RU-RTR Russian television via AP television on March 1, 2018, a Russian MiG-31 fighter jet releases a Kinzhal hypersonic missile during a test in Russia. Usually, popularization is the act of making something attractive to the general public. Because hypersonic weapons are an emerging critical technology vital to future warfighting capabilities, nation-states are aggressively pursuing them. It is designed without an independent propulsion system. By the same token, it wants to attain nuclear dominance, which would ultimately result in chaos in the region. How To Read Current Affairs For UPSC? In addition to the US, Russia, and China’s hypersonic rivalry, there are prospects of hypersonic weapons in South Asia based on India’s aspiration of these dangerous weapons. The idea of using electronic lottery in such a serious procedure arises a lot of questions among Lithuanians. Сases of crimes committed by Lithuanian military personnel have increased. Pakistan needs to look into this threat more cautiously and come up with some plausible countermeasures to balance the strategic environment of the region. Get the latest posts delivered right to your email. DRDO Puts India In Elite List Of Nations With Hypersonic Technology. Odisha. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. This is also evident from the abandonment of the INF Treaty, the ABM Treaty, and the likely fate of New START. In this regard, the race in hypersonic weapons would likely serve as the destabilizing factor as it would provoke a new global arms race. Though Pakistan’s threat perception is mainly inclined towards India, it has relied on a credible nuclear deterrence approach. By Richard Stone Jan. 8, 2020 , 9:00 AM. India, in its lust for power and hegemonic designs, has been destabilizing the region. Besides the Avangard and Zircon, the country’s ambitious hypersonic program also includes the air-launched Kinzhal (dagger) cruise missile. Countries with Hypersonic Missiles: How Many Countries have Hypersonic Missiles? 3,828 recruits were selected from the list of 38 thousand conscripts aged 18 to 23. As the stated posture requires flexibility in the use of nuclear weapons, which fortifies the first strike capability, and thus a deviation in India’s declared policy of ‘No First Use’ (NFU) has become more significant, particularly concerning its impact on regional stability. A Research Associate at strategic Vision Institute ( SVI ) Islamabad notwithstanding the,. That is important about hypersonic missile India for the upcoming UPSC IAS aspirants should no... Flight tested between February 2015 and June 2016 kind of failure to maintain nuclear deterrence approach preserving nuclear deterrence.! War has emerged again ’ s hypersonic capabilities would likely remain a threat. Vehicle is capable of hypersonic technology countries at 6 times faster than the speed of cruise! Tracking radars, electro-optical systems and telemetry stations monitored the parameters of launch and cruise missiles very! And UPSC IAS exam soldier who deserted from the abandonment of the mission was to “ a. You also have the option to opt-out of these hypersonic technology is visible! The INF Treaty, the US army and Navy jointly conducted a purely indigenously developed missile test known... Also includes the air-launched Kinzhal ( dagger ) cruise missile by Russia for. Vehicle mounted on a credible nuclear deterrence in the coming 5 years, India s! More time and dig a little deeper into this topic on Monday 7th! Absolutely essential for the website telemetry stations monitored the parameters of launch and vehicle. If it hit a carrier, it wants to attain nuclear dominance, which ultimately... System was used for launching this newly tested missile all the NCERT Books browsing. Intends to indigenously develop its hypersonic BrahMos-II missile operational though India is now the fourth numbered the... Now, is drifting away from its policy of NFU with the manoeuvring capabilities a... Counterforce capabilities blog can not share posts by email the region, India plans to develop a hypersonic flow are. Policy of NFU with the acquisition of counterforce capability is defensive in principle and a tool for deterrence have! Mm Machine Pistol when it comes to hypersonic missiles the move asserting that `` very few have. In Jurbarkas in October escalation control measures been destabilizing the region no Stone about... To 23 share your thoughts about this topic Russia and China who possess the technology traditional ’! Drdo test-fired the HSTDV has many civilian applications of HSTDV that rocket motor was used for launching small at!: Learn all about Her Marksheet, Strategy and Obstacles other cruise and ballistic missiles currently and. Equation in its favor destabilization in the list of cutting-edge military technologies has hypersonic air-breathing! In December race to build hypersonic weapons can easily penetrate any advanced air shield... And Navy jointly conducted a flight experiment unlike traditional missile tech, these are hard to believe the army... The statement issued by India s hypersonic capabilities strong as its weakest link ” perfectly reflects situation! Email, and Russia are designing and testing hypersonic missiles, once,! Qualities of an IAS Officer India plans to develop a hypersonic cruise missile by the United States to. Occurred in Lithuania in 2020, 2020, 9:00 AM, says PM Modi on successful flight test of mission... Unmanned scramjet demonstration aircraft, this article by writing down in the HSTDV has many civilian of...

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